FDC Serie Personalities 2014
FDC Serie Personalities 2014
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Samuel Hirsch (1809-1889) was a pioneer of liberal Judaism in Germany. He was also Chief Rabbi of Luxembourg from 1843 to 1866.

Samuel Hirsch studied at the universities of Bonn and Berlin. He received his rabbi training in Metz.

He was a radical voice when the Jewish reform movement. Samuel Hirsch was Chief Rabbi of Luxembourg, he was appointed rabbi of the reform community of Philadelphia in 1866.

He emigrated to the USA where he chaired the first North American rabbinical congress (Philadelphia in 1869). He remained rabbi in Philadelphia for 22 years, before retiring to Chicago in 1888. 

Nikolaus Hein (1889 - 1969) was a Luxembourgish German language author. He was a poet, and dedicated his life to teaching and literature.

Nikolaus Hein studied German literature, ancient philology and history in Munich (1909- 1910) and at the Paris-Sorbonne University (1910-1912). He then taught German and literature in Echternach and at the School of Industry and Trade in Luxembourg.

He compiled the German language primer Deutsches Lesebuch für höhere Schulen, later revised and updated by Joseph Groben under the title of "Der Brunnen" (The Well).

The son of a winegrower from Ehnen, throughout his life he was inspired by the Moselle landscape and his father's wine growing profession.

Marie Speyer (1880 - 1914) was one of the first female students to be awarded a doctorate by Fribourg University, and was appointed assistant director at the Lycée des Jeunes Filles de Luxembourg

Marie Speyer was born in Vianden. She passed all the compulsory exams to become a primary school teacher before joining Fribourg University in Switzerland in 1905. Women were first admitted to the university in 1865, she presented her doctorate thesis in 1909.

In 1911, she was appointed assistant director at the Lycée de Jeunes Filles in Luxembourg. In 1914, Marie Speyer died of cancer at the Saint-François Clinic in Luxembourg, a few days before her 34th birthday.


The artist

Pit Wagner is an artist, painter, illustrator, engraver and sculptor, and was born in Luxembourg in 1954.

Using photographs, he created black and white sketches in which he tried to capture the personalities of Hirsch, Speyer and Hein. The choice of colour used for each portrait was not random. Green to evoke vines. Red for feminine success. Blue for spirituality. 

  • 2014
  • Personalities
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