Count Henry of Luxembourg was elected King of the Romans in 1308 and was crowned Emperor of Rome two years later. Reinstating a tradition which had been interrupted for the previous 100 years.
He arrived in Italy in 1310 where he was welcomed by Dante. Henry VII had come to make peace between the Ghibellines (supporters of the Emperor) and the Guelphs (supporters of the Pope and the House of Anjou, reigning at the time in Naples).
The imperial coronation, officiated by three cardinals at St. John Lateran, took place on 29th June 1312. Bitter infighting in other areas of Rome was taking place at the same time.
At the beginning of August 1313, the Emperor left Pisa to subdue Robert d'Anjou, King of Naples. Having fallen ill around 100 km from Rome, he died soon afterwards.
Hopes for a great, peaceful empire died with him in the afternoon of 24th August, 1313 in Buonconvento, a small town south of Siena.
Henry VII's remains were taken in a cortège to Pisa to be buried behind the cathedral's high altar in a magnificent tomb sculpted by Tino di Camaino.